Grammar Made Easy

Subtitle

Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects

Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects

One point in time

On is used with days:

  • I will see you on Monday.7
  • The week begins on Sunday.

At is used with noon, night, midnight, and with the time of day:

  • My plane leaves at noon.
  • The movie starts at 6 p.m.

In is used with other parts of the day, with months, with years, with seasons:

  • He likes to read in the afternoon.
  • The days are long in August.
  • The book was published in 1999.
  • The flowers will bloom in spring.

Extended time

To express extended time, English uses the following prepositions: since, for, by, from—to, from-until, during,(with)in

  • She has been gone since yesterday. (She left yesterday and has not returned.)
  • I'm going to Paris for two weeks. (I will spend two weeks there.)
  • The movie showed from August to October. (Beginning in August and ending in October.)
  • The decorations were up from spring until fall. (Beginning in spring and ending in fall.)
  • I watch TV during the evening. (For some period of time in the evening.)
  • We must finish the project within a year. (No longer than a year.)  

Place

To express notions of place, English uses the following prepositions: to talk about the point itself: in, to express something contained: inside, to talk about the surface: on, to talk about a general vicinity, at.

  • There is a wasp in the room.
  • Put the present inside the box.
  • I left your keys on the table.
  • She was waiting at the corner.  

Higher than a point

To express notions of an object being higher than a point, English uses the following prepositions: over, above.

  • He threw the ball over the roof.
  • Hang that picture above the couch.  

Lower than a point

To express notions of an object being lower than a point, English uses the following prepositions: under, underneath, beneath, below.

  • The rabbit burrowed under the ground.
  • The child hid underneath the blanket.
  • We relaxed in the shade beneath the branches.
  • The valley is below sea-level.  

Close to a point

To express notions of an object being close to a point, English uses the following prepositions: near, by, next to, between, among, opposite.

  • She lives near the school.
  • There is an ice cream shop by the store.
  • An oak tree grows next to my house
  • The house is between Elm Street and Maple Street.
  • I found my pen lying among the books.
  • The bathroom is opposite that room.

To introduce objects of verbs

English uses the following prepositions to introduce objects of the following verbs.

At: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stare
  • She took a quick glance at her reflection.
    (exception with mirror: She took a quick glance in the mirror.)
  • You didn't laugh at his joke.
  • I'm looking at the computer monitor.
  • We rejoiced at his safe rescue.
  • That pretty girl smiled at you.
  • Stop staring at me.
Of: approve, consist, smell
  • I don't approve of his speech.
  • My contribution to the article consists of many pages.
  • He came home smelling of alcohol.
Of (or about): dream, think
  • I dream of finishing college in four years.
  • Can you think of a number between one and ten?
  • I am thinking about this problem.
For: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wish
  • Did someone call for a taxi?
  • He hopes for a raise in salary next year.
  • I'm looking for my keys.
  • We'll wait for her here.
  • You go buy the tickets and I'll watch for the train.
  • If you wish for an "A" in this class, you must work hard.

Prepositions of Spatial Relationship

Prepositions of Spatial Relationship

above

Write your name above the line.

across

Draw a line across the page.

against

She leans against the tree.

ahead of

The girl is ahead of the boy.

along

There is lace along the edge of the cloth.

among

He is among the trees.

around

Draw a circle around the answer.

behind

The boy is behind the girl.

below

Write your name below the line.

beneath

He sat beneath the tree.

beside

The girl is standing beside the boy.

between

She is between two trees.

from

He came from the house.

in front of

The girl is in front of the boy.

inside

He is inside the house.

nearby

There is a tree nearby the house.

off

His hat is off.

out of

He came out of the house.

through

She went through the door.

toward

She is walking toward the house.

under

He is hiding under the table.

within

Please mark only within the circle.